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Women who rule have championed the rouge lip ever since Sumerian queen Shub-ad invented it by mixing lead with ground red rocks, and Cleopatra made carmine popular in haute ancient Egyptian circles. But red fell out of favour during the Greek empire, when it was deemed the domain of prostitutes and denounced as a ploy to deceive men. During England’s witch hunts, the clergy damned it as a sign of the devil. Undaunted, Queen Elizabeth I sparked a red-lip renaissance in the 16th century.
Giorgio Armani Rouge Ecstasy Lipstick in Spice, $38